In the past few years, the frequency of natural disasters, including the rainy season, has increased in Nepal. If you look at the statistics for 10 years, by 2072, BS had fewer than 2,000 disasters. Since BS 2073, the number of domestic disasters has increased from 2000 each. Over 4000 natural disasters have occurred in the last few years (2075-2077 BS) and have been registered.
Not only has the number of deaths from floods reduced, but damage from landslides has also become another risk factor. Data show that the seasonal risk is more severe in Nepal, as most accidents occur during the rainy season.
Disaster management expert Krishna Devkota says landslides have gotten worse in recent years. Fatalities from flooding have decreased over the past decade, but damage from landslides has increased, he said. “Mainly because early warning systems are relatively effective and public awareness has increased. So while the loss of life from floods and landslides has been reduced, the damage from them has increased significantly over the years,” Devkota added.
Landslides have been reported in Sindhupalchowk, Baglung, Manang, Kaski, Tanahu, Lamjung and Parbat in the past two years.
There were 24,586 disasters in the last 10 years (2068-2077 BS). Of the 4,056 deaths, half were caused by floods and landslides. There were 1205 reported landslides, followed by 999 lightning strikes, 794 floods and 710 fires.
Of the 119,000 families affected, 52,830 were partially affected and 6,456 were fully affected. According to the NEA, the total loss is 10 billion won. It earned $38.95 billion from this. Fire and lightning inadvertently lead to loss of life, but accident mitigation is not a priority. However, since then, the National Disaster Risk Reduction Administration has shown interest in handling fire accidents.
This time, a helicopter was used to extinguish the fire. “This is my first training in Nepal,” said Anil Pokharel, NEA CEO. As natural disasters are on the rise, the government has launched a 10-year disaster risk reduction and management campaign to make Nepal a disaster-prone country over the next decade.
The government has also strengthened temporary shelter rehabilitation programs for disaster victims since last year. Nepal is at high risk of monsoon disasters due to its low and high terrain and sloping terrain. According to the Nepal Natural Disaster Report by the Ministry of Home Affairs in 2019, monsoon-related natural disasters kill nearly 1,000 lives each year. Nepal is one of the countries with the highest risk of death from flooding in South Asia. Nepal ranks 11th and 30th in the world among the countries most affected by earthquakes and floods.